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What diseases of cats are transmissible to humans?

cat diseases

WHAT IS CAT DISEASE TRANSMISSIBLE TO HUMANS?

Human-animal infectious diseases are also called zoonotic diseases. It affects all animals and therefore our pets. Focus on diseases transmitted by cats to humans.

CAT DISEASES TRANSMISSIBLE TO HUMANS

1- Cat diseases transmitted by the claws

The first is cat scratch disease. It generally occurs on people under 20 years of age and on immunodeficient people. It is an infection caused by the Bartonella henselae bacteria, transmitted by fleas. One to three weeks after the bite or scratch, the first symptoms (redness, glands or pustule) appear around the injured area.

This disease heals spontaneously in the majority of cases. The second is pasteurellosis. It is a rarer infection that affects infants and immunodeficient people. This disease is caused by the Pasteurella multocida bacillus and is manifested by pain in the wound, in the hours following the scratch. This can cause infectious symptoms such as fever, oozing from the wound or edema. To treat pasteurellosis, there are antibiotics prescribed by the doctor.


2- Cat disease transmissible through skin contact

Transmitted by direct or indirect contact (that is to say, via hair or even clothing), ringworm is a yeast infection caused by dermatophyte fungi. There are three forms of ringworms: the clipping ringworm forms hairless patches, without redness or swelling, the suppurative ringworm produces large, rounded, swollen and red areas in the hair or the beard, the favic ringworm manifests itself by small yellowish crusts. It is the application of creams and / or the taking of antifungal drugs for one month and a half to two months which make it possible to treat the various forms of ringworms.

3- Cat diseases transmissible through excrement

Among the diseases that can be contracted by cat feces, are mainly toxoplasmosis and echinococcosis. Toxoplasmosis is generally mild and has no particular impact, except for pregnant women and people with weakened or weakened immune systems. This disease is caused by the Toxoplasma gondii parasite and is caught on contact with contaminated feces, but also by ingestion of infected water or uncleaned food.

If people with toxoplasmosis usually recover on their own, pregnant women should be treated with antiparasitic drugs, because toxoplasmosis poses real dangers for the development of the fetus. Echinococcosis is a parasitic disease caused by worms that develop in the cat's intestine. If cats are carriers without necessarily developing the disease, however, they can transmit it to humans, with serious consequences. After an incubation period of a few months to a few years, echinococcosis attacks the liver and lungs and can be fatal. To protect yourself from this disease, the solution is to treat your cat with a dewormer.


4- Cat bite-transmitted disease

Cats infected with the rabies virus can transmit it to humans by biting, scratching or licking their skin if it is scratched or if it is a mucous membrane. The contraction of the virus is fatal in a few days, unless vaccination occurs between contamination and the appearance of the first symptoms. As a preventive measure, vaccination of cats is possible from 3 months. No case of human rabies has been recorded in France since 1924.

OUR ADVICE TO PROTECT AGAINST THE TRANSMISSION OF CAT DISEASE

Since your pet is not immune to transmitting a disease to you, taking the necessary precautions helps protect against it. In particular by treating fleas which can contaminate your cat, and by deworming it to avoid any contact with excrement carrying virus, bacteria and other parasites. It is also recommended that you wash your hands thoroughly after handling a litter box. Pregnant women will have every interest in consuming pasteurized foods, fruits and vegetables well cleaned to protect themselves from cat diseases transmissible to humans. When in doubt, always consult your doctor.

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