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Learn about dental disease in cats

Learn about dental disease in cats
dental disease in cats


Dental disease in cats


Veterinarians consider dental diseases to be one of the most common medical conditions, and the most common problems are due to gingivitis due to plaque buildup, dental resorption (which were called cervical lesions or cunning oral resorption lesions), and gum disease.

Dental diseases in cats are widespread as more than half of all cats over the age of three have a certain degree of dental diseases.


Clinical signs of dental diseases


 It may not appear in many cats even though they're in pain.

Signs of pain you may notice on your cat: the head is shaking, or scratching in the mouth, and they may chew food with obvious discomfort, as they drop food from their mouth, swallow with difficulty, or they may drool excessively, or the bad breath smell is common.

Dental diseases cause anorexia, will show a preference for wet or canned foods and many cats refuse dry foods.

Some cats may reluctantly approach their own food bowl and then show a reluctance to eat and this leads to weight loss, which may become noticeable over time, meaning that loss of appetite and weight loss may be due to dental diseases and oral pain.


Causes of cat tooth problems


Tartar and the accumulation of calculus on the teeth are the most common cause of dental diseases in cats, as the roofs of the teeth are home to the bacteria that multiply and produce a plate of plaque, during eating or by working from the cat tongue some of these plaques are removed naturally, but the remaining plaque It causes inflammation and gum disease.

It will be a full recovery if the disease is caught in its early stages and a veterinary sizing is carried out comprehensive teeth and polishing, but if gingivitis is allowed to continue without treatment will occur gum disease.


Gum disease


 Gum disease is inflammation or injury to the bones or ligaments that support the tooth. These tissues are destroyed as the disease progresses leading to eventual loss of teeth.

Bacteria can spread deep into the tooth creating an abscess or even more difficult problems such as osteoarthritis, as bacteria can spread through the blood follicle and lead to infectious endocarditis that affects the valves inside the heart.

All these problems can be easily avoided by getting rid of plaque and tartar.


Tooth resorption


tooth resorption is the gradual destruction of the root of the teeth, which led to the slow deepening of "holes" in the affected teeth, previously known as cunning oral resorption lesions or cervical lesions.

When sensitive parts of the tooth are exposed, these lesions become very painful, the cause of this disease is not yet known, poor oral hygiene can play a role in the process of the disease.

Unfortunately, the only effective treatment is tooth extraction.

dental disease in cats

If my cat has signs of dental problems, what should I do?



If you see that the cat has evidence of tartar build-up, gingivitis, or shows any signs of mouth pain or discomfort, you should take it to the veterinarian for an examination which may include examining your cat's teeth, cleaning them, and x-raying.

In some cases, professional cleaning may be required on a regular basis, every 6-12 months by a veterinarian.

Do not try to remove tartar from the teeth yourself, it may damage the surface of the tooth by creating microscopic scratches that may then become infected with bacteria which makes the problem worse.


Can I help prevent dental diseases in my cat?


Reducing the rate of plaque and tartar accumulation on the teeth is the best way to prevent dental disease, brushing teeth. Toothbrushes are specially designed for your cat's mouth, use only cat toothpaste.

You cannot use human toothpastes, because they contain ingredients that should not be swallowed and may cause internal problems.

Ask your vet about the recommended dental products for your cat for more details.

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